Swedish daschbracke. Photo: Mostphotos
Hunting with a hunting dog
A hunting dog hunts by barking. It is important that the hunter stands in a place where he or she believes that the game, mainly hare, fox and deer, might pass. In Sweden, only one dog is used.
The stand is often a place that the hunters have marked out earlier, based on the shape of the terrain, game trails and so on. It’s a game of waiting, calmly and quietly, and hoping that the animal will pass within firing range from the hunter’s location.
The animals often move slowly and calmly, providing good opportunities for shooting.
With regards to hare hunting, the dogging dogs are often used in Sweden, and the game is often alpine hare or common hare.
The hunter releases the dog early, while the hare tracks from the night before are still fresh. Once the dog has caught the scent, it must decide which track to follow. This will also often cause the dog to alert the hunter by barking. The dog will then chase the hair out of its burrow. The dog will often initially get visual contact with the hair and hunt by crying frequently.
As soon as the hare has gained a sufficiently long lead, it will try to mislead the dog. It might return to its own tracks, make long deviations from the track lie down to hide. This can make things difficult for the dog and can result in the dog losing contact with the hair and the barks ceasing.
The hair emits a weak scent, placing high demands on the dog's nose.
Red fox. Photo: Göran Ekström
Hunting fox using a hunting dog places great demands on both hunter and dog. Once the fox starts to move, the hunter must be quick to stand and remain hidden and quiet, since the fox has very sharp senses.
The hunted fox can also escape into a burrow.
Deer move away from the dog in a jerky fashion. The deer will then stand still and wait for the dog.
Deer cannot tolerate being chased by dogs over long distances. Therefore, high demands are placed on the deer hunting dog. The most important thing is not the size of the dog, but that it follows the track closely, hunts slowly and doesn't spend much more than an hour on the task. Many dachshunds are good examples of this.
Deer that are pushed too hard will leave the hunting area while the slowly hunting dog will make the deer turn around and slowly return to the stand.